- Manganese -- Used for outlines and fill. Manganese looks sometimes purple and sometimes a brownish-black.
- Copper Green -- Used for fill.
Starting in 15th Century:
- Blackish impasto blue -- Used mainly for leaves. This glaze is seen on pharmacy jars. It looks lumpy.
- Blue from cobalt
- Yellow from antimony
- Orange from iron rust
Late 15th century:
- Tawny brown
- Variations in greens by mixing yellow, brown or orange with early copper green or cobalt blue by either washes on top of each other or actual mixed compounds
- Black from a mixture of several oxides
- Deep crimson in several workshops. Red is not a common glaze color in historic maiolica.
- White for white on white work and high lights
- A lighter ultramarine blue from about 1550
- Aqua from copper
Outlining was primarily with blue until middle of 16th century when manganese was used.
Color was dependent on the combination of silver and copper oxides.
- Silver for a pale brassy yellow
- Copper for a ruby red
Luster was a difficult technique and only done by a few Italian workshops. This technique was common in Hispano-Moresque ware. The term "maiolica" was originally used in Italy only to describe lusterware. In the 16th century the term became the word for all tin-glazed earthenware.